Archive for August, 2016

Machalilla National Park Puerto Lopez Manabi – Isla of the Plata

Posted on: August 30th, 2016 by opeturmo No Comments

Ecuador_Manabi_Machalilla_National_Park

Machalilla National Park Puerto Lopez Manabi
The Machalilla National Park is part of the National System of Protected Areas of Ecuador, located on the southern coast of the province of Manabi in the cantons of Jipijapa, Montecristi and Puerto Lopez.

The Machalilla National Park is rich in cultural resources, with 21 known sites representing 5,000 years of human history

It is one of the largest protected areas of the Ecuadorian coast and comprises two areas: a land (56,184 hectares) and a marina (14,430 hectares). Machalilla National Park was established in July 1979.

It takes its name from the ancient pre-Columbian culture that inhabited part of the area, Machalilla. Among its main attractions is the Isla de la Plata and the beach of the Friars.

Hidrogeográfico corridor is part of the Cordillera fog forest. The height of the zone varies from 0 to 840 meters, and the climate is dry however, marine air masses produce moisture. The average annual temperature fluctuates between 23.5 24.5 ° C.

Differences shown climates: tropical arid, from the river mouth Buena Vista, subcálido pre-montane (about 840 m) in the hills Dead Dog and Punta Alta.

Why is it important Machalilla National Park?

It is the only protected area in the continental Ecuador with unique coral reefs on the coast of Ecuador its southern limit reefs in the eastern Pacific and limit distribution of many other tropical marine area.
It has greater biodiversity and important areas of outcrop. Located on transit routes of migratory species.

The faunal diversity of Machalilla National Park in marine and terrestrial areas, is represented by 81 species of mammals, 270 of birds and 143 fish. The main access road is the road between Puerto Lopez – Jipijapa north and south La Libertad.

Flora

Machalilla National Park and surrounding forests remaining areas of rainforest include drizzle, similar to the Andean cloud forest in the upper part of the range.

In the lower slopes the forest becomes semi-deciduous and deciduous and towards the coast becomes dry scrub where vegetation is bushy and stocky, there are species of cactus caudones or candelabra cactus and the most representative trees correspond to families Mimosaceae and Capparifaceae.

In the riparian forest there are groups of bamboo cane and large trees like matapalos (Ficus spp.). Other areas are dominated by palms or tagua cade and are generally more intervened areas.

The remaining around the park are embedded in a matrix of disturbed areas dominated by corn, bananas, sugar cane and cattle pastures.

Fauna

The Machalilla National Park has a large variety of mammals, including species that at present are quite rare in the Ecuadorian coast as the jaguar, howler monkey, capuchin monkey, ocelot, trigrillo, deer, white-tailed deer, bush dog, raccoon cangrejero, tayra ferret, armadillo, armadillo tail rag, kinkajou, coati cuchucho, anteater, agouti, agouti, red squirrel.

Regarding the herpetofauna, there is an almost endemic amphibian species of the area, Colostethus machalilla, plus Porthidium arcosae, also endemic, along with a remarkable diversity of other amphibians and reptiles.

21 bat species are recorded. Sea turtles nest on the beaches of the park and the humpback whales visit the coast, where it is also important diversity of fish, particularly those associated with coral reefs.

In the Isla de la Plata find a wide variety of related to coastal and marine ecosystem, for example, animal species several species of booby, including the gannet called blue-footed boobies, red-footed Alcatraz, and the Nazca booby. Another species found here is the South American sea lion. Dolphins, tropical spotted dolphin as can be found in the waters near the island.

Cajas National Park and tourist attractions – Cuenca

Posted on: August 20th, 2016 by opeturmo No Comments

Cajas National Park and tourist attractions – Cuenca

Cajas National Park and tourist attractions – Cuenca

Cajas National Park and tourist attractions – Cuenca is located in the Andes, south of Ecuador, in the province of Azuay, 33 km northwest of the city of Cuenca. From Cuenca takes about 40 minutes to get to it.

Between the years 500 to 1450, the Cañari formed a federative alliance whose people worshiped the moon, lakes and mountains considered sacred places and the territories of the current park. Then the Incas conquered the region and established themselves as real Tomebamba Cuenca city where it is today.

The “Inca Trail” crosses the park and is a vestige of the road linking the Tambo Tomebamba Paredones (Molleturo), on the strategic route between the highlands and the coast. This road is passable by 4 km restored within the park, between the cave and lagoon Luspa Mamamag.

Alexander von Humboldt visited the area and described it around 1878.

The park was created on July 4, 1977 and was converted into a National Park on May 11, 1996.

On the site there is a path that encircles whose route takes about an hour walk; in the path we have been placed two small huts that serve only as a place of rest and refuge for shelter from the rain, which occurs in the area quite regularly.

It is possible to observe some interesting avifauna and especially the unique geological formations that characterize the entire park. At Toreadora fishing it is also possible although few fishermen here are lucky.

Tourist attractions

Laguna Lagartococha: On its banks you can camp and the place is very busy for sport fishing.

Beside Lagartococha is situated the “Cave of the Dead”, so called because travelers for over a century have perished in the site malaria victims.

Avilahuayco: the time of a natural or watchtower lookout ago; the panorama offered from the summit is very attractive because from there “boxes” that dominate the whole area are observed.

Loma de Tres Cruces: One of the highest parts of the park where the watershed between those who go to the Amazon and moving towards the Pacific is located.

El Camino Garcia Moreno crosses there and the tradition that owes its name to the many dead who tried to place overnight on their journey from the coast, but the intense cold of the night failed to see the sunrise.

Laguna Taitachungo (Mamamag): Based on the Toreadora there are some trails that lead to it. From here you can follow a stretch of the Inca Trail to the cave Luspa.

In Mamamag found other remains of pre-Inca constructions represented by stone steps and foundation of any type of building, presumably rooms for the night; more than houses, these buildings seem to have served as dairy farms, shelters trip, since the site is a key step towards the coast.

Cuenca and Tourist Attractions

Posted on: August 2nd, 2016 by opeturmo No Comments

It was called Guapondélic or "Llano Grande as the sky". But the Inca Tupac Yupanqui made behead 8,000 prisoners and called it "Tomebamba" he meant "Llano del Cuchillo". Later the Spaniards founded as Cuenca.

It was called Guapondélic or “Llano Grande as the sky”. But the Inca Tupac Yupanqui made behead 8,000 prisoners and called it “Tomebamba” he meant “Llano del Cuchillo”. Later the Spaniards founded as Cuenca.

Cuenca and Tourist Attractions

Cuenca has lots of tourist attraction, among its most visited tourist attractions is the historic Cuenca center, Santa Ana of the Four Rivers of Cuenca, is a city in the southern center of the Republic of Ecuador and is the capital of the province of Azuay .

It is located in the southern part of the Ecuadorian Andes. Its historic center was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1999.

It was called Guapondélic or “Llano Grande as the sky”. But the Inca Tupac Yupanqui made behead 8,000 prisoners and called it “Tomebamba” he meant “Llano del Cuchillo”. Later the Spaniards founded as Cuenca.

Considered one of the most beautiful cities of Ecuador, for its colonial and republican architecture, is the cradle of intellectuals, scientists, art and craftsmen who forged the development of the city and the province.
It has an urban landscape that maintains harmony with the geographical environment, highlighting among its historic center, one of the best preserved and largest in the country. Here the keys of the past are saved, there people, flowers, handicrafts, textiles, embroidery, pottery, silverwork, among other attractions mixed.

Tourist attractions

Cuenca has lots of elements of tourist attraction, among them we can mention the hot springs of the parish Baths, typical food, craft fairs, museums, music, among others.

Historical Center

Historical Center because of its buildings with colonial and republican architecture of Spanish and French influence, squares and parks, museums and art galleries, among others. In this part of the city you can be clearly seen some buildings that have not been major changes in several centuries and are maintained as part of the cultural heritage of the city.

Churches and religious temples

Since its founding, the people of the city have had a fervent faith to the Catholic religion, which gave rise to a lot of churches and religious temples in a relatively small space.

Among its buildings are neo-classical and baroque styles and details on the facades. Materials such as brick and marble can be seen on the facades of the New Cathedral and the church of San Blas, and works done based on the Gothic style with tall towers and sharp details are also appreciated.

Some of these churches also have quarried directly from some of the ancient Inca sites of ancient Tomebamba.

The best known are the New Cathedral or Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception and the Old or Church of El Sagrario Cathedral, however, there are many more, including some that are no longer in use as religious centers, but as museums.